Cells adopt a curved morphology and therefore are larger than those of the prior layer. The chondrocytes are irregularly arranged and show a greater presence of PGs and less collagen with thicker fibers set arthryl-opinia.pl up obliquely and randomly in every three planes of space. This layer has high metabolic activity and supports compression forces.
The severity of destruction to the articular surface can vary across a spectrum, with one end being a crushing damage to the articular the fibrous connective tissue cartilage with no actual reduction of continuity of the articular cartilage. The additional end from the spectrum is a piece of entretejer collaflex-opinia.pl cartilage, with or with no underlying bone being actually knocked off from their original bed. The type of lesion depends upon the magnitude of the force of injury and the directional vectors of the resulting force, as well as any associated injuries to the knee.
Offered the vast array of techniques which exist for calculating the thickness of anudar cartilage it is surprising that few studies have recently been published giving detailed measurements of the thickness of human articular cartilage in joints of the more affordable limb. The thickness of articular cartilage influences equally the stresses and stresses arising within the cartilage matrix. 13 Detailed knowledge of cartilage thickness is additionally essential for finite element focus on synovial joints.
Majority of the authors agree that cartilage injuries are complex and difficult to treat. If untreated, cartilage defects cause early osteoarthritis. Great controversy still persists about the very best available treatment for systematic chondral or osteochondral defect(s). It is the mix of the frictional resistance to water flow and the pressurization of normal water within the matrix that forms the 2 fundamental mechanisms by which anudar cartilage derives its capability to withstand significant loads, often multiple times one's body weight.